On this day 1775…founding of the USMC

On this day in 1775 the United States Marine Corps was founded – in one of the most famous taverns in Revolutionary America.

The Tun Tavern and brewery in Philadelphia was founded in 1686 by one Josh Carpenter, a Quaker, on the road that led to Carpenter’s Wharf on the Delaware (Josh’s brother, Samuel was a successful merchant in Barbados).

Then, as now, taverns and pubs were handy local meeting places and among the Tun Tavern’s other claims to fame is that it was the first places to host the inaugural meeting of the Grand Lodge of the Masonic Temple of Philadelphia, in 1732.

It was also home to the Societies of St George and St Andrew, charitable organisations set up to aid needy arrivals to the New World from England and Scotland respectively.

During the American War of Independence, the tavern played an important role in the political and military foundations of the nascent American state – Philadelphia being the headquarters of course of the Continental Congress.

George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and the Congress met at the tavern on at least one occasion – and Benjamin Franklin had drummed up the Pennsylvania Militia there some 20 years before to fight the French and their Indian allies coming down from Canada.

On 10 November 1775, the Second Continental Congress gave a commission to Samuel Nicholas to raise two battalions of marines for service aboard the ships of the new American navy.

Nicholas, a mason of the temple that met at the Tun Tavern, immediately established his recruiting headquarters at the pub (although some say it was in fact at another pub called the Conestoga Waggon that Nicholas’s family owned) and by January 1776 had filled his quota of recruits.

The new Marine battalions first saw action at the Battle of Nassau on 4 January 1776.

The Tun Tavern, sadly, did not survive the War of Independence, burning down in 1781 (the war ended in 1783) and its former site is now occupied by Interstate 95.

Nonetheless, on 10 November every year serving and former Marines will raise a toast to their Corps (241 years old this year) and its founding place, a Philadelphia pub and brewery.

More: Historically interesting pubs

One Response to “On this day 1775…founding of the USMC”

  1. George Potter says:

    My father was a Wake Island Marine, ExO to the commander of the Marine contingent stationed there. He later retired as a Brig. Gen.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Please note that comments are subject to our posting guidelines in accordance with the Defamation Act 2013. Posts containing swear words, discrimination, offensive language and libellous or defamatory comments will not be approved.

Subscribe to our newsletters

Sales Manager

James Eadie Ltd
London, UK

Wine Ambassador Role

Ramón Bilbao UK
London, UK

Fine Wine Logistics Coordinator

IG Wines
London, UK

Sales Manager

Top Selection
London, UK

Assistant Retail Manager

The Whisky Exchange
London, UK

Marketing Manager

Ellis Wines
Hanworth, Middx, GB

Commercial Analyst

ATOM Group
Tunbridge Wells, UK

Customer Service Executive

Marussia Beverages
Marylebone, London, UK

HR Administrator

Amathus Drinks PLC
London, UK

Trade Marketing Manager

Australian Vintage Limited
Croydon, UK

The World Bulk Wine Exhibition

20th Nov 2017

The Drinks Business Green Awards 2017

London,United Kingdom
20th Nov 2017

The Global Spirits Masters Lunch

London,United Kingdom
1st Dec 2017
Click to view more

Champagne Masters 2017

The only Champagne blind tasting in the UK, the competition will reward the best wines in the following categories:

The Global Rosé Masters 2017

With wines from the palest of pink to almost ruby red, bone dry to almost cloyingly sweet, reductively handled to barrel-aged, as well as gently spritzy to fully sparkling.

Click to view more