3,000 year old bin-end wine label deciphered

An archaeologist thinks he has found evidence of wine provided to the slaves who worked on Temple Mount in Bronze Age Jerusalem.

Israel-inscription_01

Professor Galil’s sketch of the shard of pottery discovered at the site and the inscription he said shows it once contained low quality wine for slaves.

In September last year while excavating a Byzantine site, an earthenware jar was uncovered by a team from the archaeological institute of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in the Ophel area of the city, not far from Temple Mount.

It was immediately spotted as being much older and was dated back to the 10th century BC, the days of King Solomon but at first experts thought that the letters were from an ancient near eastern language.

Now professor Gershon Galil from Haifa University has claimed they are ancient Hebrew – or something closely related – and indicate that the jar contained wine for slaves and poorer members of society – possibly those who helped build Solomon’s temple,palaces and city walls.

If correct it is some of the oldest Hebrew ever uncovered.

Galil has said he thinks the word “yayin” “wine” is written as well as hints to the year and place of its production although the necessary letters are missing.

According to Galil, “yayin” has a close resemblance to a word in the Ugarit language of northern Syria which indicates low quality wine.

Before “yayin” is the ending “…mem”, apparently the last part of a word for the 20th or 30th year of the kingdom.

Galil told The Archaeology News Network: “This wine wasn’t served to Solomon’s emissaries, or in the temple, but apparently was for the slave construction workers who worked in the area.”

He further claimed that the ability to notarise the wine with a date and location and set it aside for a designated purpose, “attests to the existence of an organised administration.”

A spate of evidence pointing to winemaking and brewing in the ancient middle east has been uncovered of late, much of it in Israel and the Lebanon. The most recent find though was the house of a brewer in ancient Egypt.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Subscribe to our newsletters

Trade Marketing Manager

Boisset La Famille des Grands Vins
London, UK

Senior Export Sales Manager (Beer)

Protege International Group Cyprus Ltd
London, UK

Accountant

Lanka Premium Beverages
Colombo, Sri Lanka

Marketing Executive

IWSC & Club Oenologique
London, UK

Sales Manager

Alliance Wine
Glasgow, UK

Sales Specialist

Spiritrade
London, UK

Sales and Business Development Manager (Spirits)

Protege International Group Cyprus Ltd
London, UK

Business Developer Europe

Vivino
Copenhagen, Denmark or Haarlem, Netherlands

Wine Sales Administration & Customer Service Assistant

Waddesdon Wine
Waddesdon, Aylesbury, UK

On Trade Sales Manager

Sekforde Drinks Ltd
London

OenoTrade Portfolio Tasting 2020

London,United Kingdom
26th Feb 2020

Wines of Portugal Annual Tasting 2020

London,United Kingdom
27th Feb 2020

Sangiovese Reset

London,United Kingdom
3rd Mar 2020
Click to view more